Volume 3, Issue 4, August 2018, Page: 125-132
Contribution of Modern Biogas Plant to Energy Source and Environment Protection in Rwanda
Marie Judith Kundwa, Department of Civil Engineering Construction and Management, Lanzhou Jiaotong University, Lanzhou, China
Theoneste Bigirimana, Department of Civil Engineering Construction and Management, Lanzhou Jiaotong University, Lanzhou, China
Pascaline Sanga, Department of Environment Engineering, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou, China
Constant Mahame, Department of Civil Engineering Construction and Management, Lanzhou Jiaotong University, Lanzhou, China
Received: Sep. 19, 2018;       Accepted: Oct. 15, 2018;       Published: Nov. 5, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.jccee.20180304.15      View  134      Downloads  13
Abstract
The government of Rwanda through its Ministry of Infrastructure (MININFRA), the authority in charge of energy has initiated different initiatives aimed at finding long term solutions to energy shortage in the country where no investment has been done the last 20 years in electricity generation. Among these solutions, biogas has been identified as one of the sector to be developed. Energy plays a major role in development process of every country. This research is conducted in order to handle energy shortage problems in secondary schools located in rural areas by using a modern biogas. To achieve the aims of this research, the field survey was conducted at G. S de Ntarama and data about numbers of students and teachers, type and amount of waste produced, and impacts of lack of electricity on education were collected through interviews and questionnaires. The data were analyzed and the size of digester was estimated to be 118.524 m3. In addition to reducing the emission of carbon dioxide to 7 times lesser than which is emitted by firewood, it was also found that the use of biogas proves to be economical by covering the cost of firewood consumed in one month to five months. The produced energy allocated both in lighting for 4 hours and cooking for 3 hours was proved to be more advantageous and cost effective. The use of modern biogas contributes to the quality of education, environmental protection, agriculture productivity, and improve the lives of Rwandan people in general.
Keywords
Ntarama Secondary School, Architectural Design of Biogas, Energy Source, Rural Schools, Environment Protection
To cite this article
Marie Judith Kundwa, Theoneste Bigirimana, Pascaline Sanga, Constant Mahame, Contribution of Modern Biogas Plant to Energy Source and Environment Protection in Rwanda, Journal of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering. Vol. 3, No. 4, 2018, pp. 125-132. doi: 10.11648/j.jccee.20180304.15
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Dominique. O, Financing domestic biogas in Rwanda, SNV-Rwanda, 2008.
[2]
Samer. M, Biogas Plant Constructions, ISBN: 978-953-51-0204-5, 2012.
[3]
Membere. E, "Computational Model for Biogas Production from Solid Waste," Journal of Environment, p. 47, 2013.
[4]
Teodorita. A, Dominik. R and Heinz. P, Biogas Handbook, Denmark, 2008.
[5]
Sarah. M, Life cycle thinking assessment applied to three Biogas projects in central Uganda, Michigan Technology University, 2010.
[6]
Membere. E, "Biomechanization Potential of Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Waste from Co-digestion of Pig and Cow dung," International Journal of Environmental Science, 2012.
[7]
Anicet. M and Philbert, "Performance assessment of Institutional Biogas System in Rwanda Report," Kigali, 2008.
[8]
Harmanjot. K, "Designing of Small Scale Fixed Dome Biogas Digester for Paddy Straw," International Journal of Renewable Energy Research, 2017.
[9]
Molla and Asmare, "Design of cylindrical fixed dome bio digester in the condominium houses for cooking purpose at Dibiza Site, East Gojjam Ethiopia," American Journal of Energy Engineering, p. 1, 2014.
[10]
Amingun. B, Parawira and Musango. J, "Anaerobic Biogas Generation for Rural area Energy Provision in Afrcica," ISBN:978-, In Tech, 2012.
[11]
Moonmoon. H, "Bioenergy potential from crop residue biomass in India," Renewable, p. 5, 2015.
[12]
Anupam. J, Mikul. B and P. Barua, "Biomass for Sustainable Development-Lessons for Decentralized Energy Delivery," Village Energy Security Programme. Document of the World Bank, 2011.
[13]
Dumitri and Mariana, "Consideration OverA Biogas Plant Components," Scientific Papers Series Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development, p. 121, 2014.
[14]
Musungu. W and Daniel. M, Institutional Biogas Plant Installer Manual, Westlands: IT Power Eastern Africa, Woodvale Groove, 2008.
[15]
Chandra and Vishua, "Training Materials on Biogas Sanitation by Ecosan Services Foundation(ESF)," 1002/42 Rajendra Nagar Version 1, 2007.
[16]
Cassada. M, "Global Methane Emissions from Livestock and Poultry Manure," 1990.
Browse journals by subject